Urdu Science Board (USB) was established in 1962 as the “Central Board for the Development of Urdu” through a Resolution to fulfill the constitutional requirement. The Board was renamed as “Urdu Science Board” in 1984. The Ministry of Education declared Urdu Science Board as its subordinate office in 2004. Presently, the Board is working under the National History and Literary Heritage Division, Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage. The head office of the Board is located at 299-Upper Mall, Lahore with three branch offices at Peshawar, Hyderabad and Quetta. The Board has also established a Sale Point in Umer Tower, Haq Street, Urdu Bazar, Lahore.

The Board has published more than 800 books on different science subjects, dictionaries and educational charts. Urdu Science Board has developed Urdu Science Encyclopedia consisting of ten volumes. It has been printed on fine art mate paper and contains colour pictures, diagrams and visuals. It is very useful for the students of secondary and higher secondary classes, teachers and researchers as well as general readers. A quarterly “Urdu Science Magazine” is being published regularly by Urdu Science Board.